Bhutan is a landlocked country with a constitutional monarchy known as the Land of Thunder Dragon. It lies in South Asia with a border of India in the east, west and south and Tibet, China in the north. The latitude is 27° 41' north and longitude is 90° 43' east. East to the West is 300 km long and north to south is 170 km breadth are filled with the Himalaya, hills, passes, valleys and narrow basins. There are 20 districts (dzongkhag), which covers an area of 38394 sq. km. Thimphu (2300 m) is the capital city of Bhutan. Altitude ranging is 97 meters (Drangme Chhu) up to 7554 meters (Mt. Kula Kangri) above the sea. According to the Perpetual Friendship Treaty 1949, Bhutan is managed by the India with a subject of national security, foreign policy, and foreign relationship.
Bhutan is six hours ahead of GMT. Agriculture is the prime occupation where 95% people rely on it. They produce staple food, such as maize, rice, wheat, buckwheat, potato, ginger, cardamom, chilly, orange and apple. The tourism industry is the main industry. The hydropower potential is 30000 MW and installed capacity is 1500 MW, which is also supplied to India. Few industries are in Pasakha includes Cement factory, Coca-Cola factory, Steel and Ferrosilicon, Calcium and carbide and some wood-based factory. Bhutan has the second largest per capita income (at least 2400 $ per person per year) in South Asia. Thirty percents people are below the poverty line. Life expectancy is 65.8 years for a male and 69.3 years for a female. Newspapers are published in Hindi, English and Nepali language. Thimpu, Paro, and Sakhang are the major towns. The Royal Bhutan Army is a security force.
Bhutan is a unique country for tourist with a trekking and tour. Most of the foreigners travel from America, Europe, Asia, and Pacific. There is at least 95000 kilometers road length. There is also MICE (Meetings, Incentives, Conferences, and Exhibitions) tourism. Annually 78000 tourists visit there. Around 7500 locals get the direct job in tourism. Approximate 12000 people are involved indirect in tourism. The tourists may explore a culture, people, monarchy, lifestyle, and nature. Every day one tourist should spend minimum 250 US Dollars. Tourist should travel with a tour guide or pre-arranged package only. An independent and backpacker visitors are discouraged. Further information is given below.
List of districts in Bhutan
Bumthang, Chukha, Dagana, Gasa, Haa, Lhuentse, Mongar, Paro, Pemagatshel, Punakha, Samtse, Sarpang, Thimphu, Trashigang, Trashiyangtse, Trongsa, Tsirang, Wangdue, Zhemgang, and Samdrup Jongkhar.
List of major cities in Bhutan
Thimphu, Paro, Trongsa, Taga Dzong, Phuntsholing, Punakha, Samdrup Jongkhar, Wangdue Phodrang and Geylegphug.
Flights are connected with Bangkok, Singapore, Kathmandu, Delhi, Dhaka, Kolkata, Gaya, and Bagdogra. Airports are in Paro (Paro Airport), Trashigang (Yongphulla Airport), Jakar (Bumthang Airport), and Gelephu (Gelephu Airport)
There are at least 753947 people live in Bhutan.
The national language is Dzongkha. There are at least 18 spoken languages. English is spoken wildly in tourism fields. At least the 35 % people speak Nepalese language in Bhutan.
List of National Park and Conservation Area in Bhutan
National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries cover the 35% land of the country. There are several National Parks, including Jigme Singye Wangchuck National Park (1300 sq km), Thrumshingla National Park (768 sq. km.), Royal Manas National Park (1057 sq. km.), and Jigme Dorji National Park (4349 sq. km.).
Conservation areas are including, Bumdeling Wildlife Sanctuary (1545 sq. km.) and Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary (650 sq. km.), Torsa Strict Nature Reserve (609.51 sq. km.), Phibsoo Wildlife Sanctuary (268.93 sq. km.), Khaling Wildlife Sanctuary (334.73 sq. km.), Motithang Takin Preserve (3.4 hectares), Phobjikha Valley (163 sq. km.), and Wangchuck Centennial Park (4914 sq. km.).
Flora and Fauna
The vegetation line is above 4000 meters. There are numerous species of pines, 35 species of rhododendron, junipers, 300 types of medicinal plants, numerous orchids, blue poppy (national flower), gentian, oaks, cypress (national tree), and Primula. There are found 670 species of birds, including Raven (national bird), black-necked cranes, woodpecker, vulture, flycatchers, warblers, bee-eaters, ducks, and pheasant. Takin is the national animal and including other mammals, musk deer, yak, nak, Himalayan black bear, golden languor, clouded leopard, snow leopard, elephant, one-horn rhinoceros, Royal Bengal tiger, genetic dolphin, blue sheep, water buffaloes and red panda. There are found 250 species of butterfly.
Currency and Sport
Ngultrum is Bhutanese money that is equal to the Indian Rupee. Indian 500 and 1000 Rupees are not accepted in Bhutan. US Dollar, Travelers Check, American Express and Visa Card are widely accepted here. Thimpu (capital city of Bhutan) is a good place for foreign exchange. Archery is the national sport.
In Bhutan, 75% people are Buddhist and 25% people are Hindus and Muslims. Vajrayana Buddhism is well practiced there.
Normal to five-star hotels are available in Thimpu and Paro. Three-star hotels are in Punakha, Bumthang, and Gangtey. Every town has an internet café and international phone with the cell phone. All major towns have electricity with 220-240 volts power.
In summer, day temperature remains 20°-25° Celsius and night temperature is 7°-8° Celsius in Thimpu and lower valley. In winter day temperature remains -5°-6° over 3000 to 4000 meters and night temperature remains 15°-20° Celsius. The monsoon time is June to late September. Winter season is December to March with foggy and snowfall. The best time to visit in Bhutan is October to 20 of December. The weather will be clean with the Himalaya views. March to 20 of May also the best time with the rhododendron flower.