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India

India is a federal republic country with ancient civilization and culture. It lies in the South Asia between 8° 4' and 37° 6' North Latitude and 68° 7' and 97° 25’ East longitude. East to the West is 2933 km and north to south is 3214 km big. Myanmar and Bangladesh lie in the east, Pakistan lies in the West, Nepal, China and Bhutan lie in the north and the Indian Ocean lies in the south. New Delhi is the capital city. Indian time is 5:30 ahead of GMT. It is the seventh biggest country in the world.

India has 28 States and 7 Union territories. It was independence on 15 August 1947 from the British Colony. The history is interesting with the period of Ramayana, Mahabharata, Maurya Dynasty, Sunga Dynasty, Kanva Dynasty, Satavahana Dynasty, Kusan Dynasty, Gupta Dynasty and British Colony. President will be the head of state and the prime minister will be an executive. Within the parliament has Rajya Sabha, such as the council of states as an upper house with 250 members and Lok Sabha, such as the house of the people as the lower house with 545 members. The mainland comprises four regions such as the Great Mountain Zone, the plains of Ganga and Indus, the Desert Region, and the Southern Peninsula.

India has at least 700000 villages. The major cities are Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta, Chennai, Lucknow, Patna, Banglore and Jaipur. The Bollywood film industry, Tata group, and Taj Mahal are famous there. Bodhgaya, Sarnath, and Kushinagar are the holiest site of Buddhist. The lowest point is -2.2 meters (Kuttanad) and the highest point is 8586 meters (Kanchenjunga) above the sea. Annual per capita income per person is 1498 US Dollar. The country produces plenty of tea and coffee. The UNESCO world heritage sites are at least 32. The Cherrapunji (1484 m.) in Meghalaya is the rainiest are in the world (500-inch rainfall). Further Information is given below.

Area

It is 3287590 sq. km. big.

List of UNESCO heritage sites in India (since 1983)

Agra Fort, Ajanta Caves, Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi, Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Churches and Convents of Goa, Elephant Caves, Ellora Caves, Fatehpur Sikri, Great Living Chola Temples, Group of Monuments at Hampi, Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram, Group of Monuments at Pattadakal, Hill Forts of Rajasthan, Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi, Khajuraho Group of Monuments, Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya, Mountain Railways of India, Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi, Rani-Ki Vay at Patan, Gujarat, Red Fort Complex, Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka, Sun Temple, Konarak, Taj Mahal, The Jantar Mantar, Jaipur, Great Himalayan National Park Conservation Area, Kaziranga National Park, Keoladeo National Park, Manas Wildlife Sanctuary, Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks, Sundarbans National Park and Western Ghats.

Religion

In India, there is the majority of Hindus 80%, Muslim 13%, Christian 3%, Sikh 2% and Buddhist, Jain and others are 2%.

Ethnic Group

There are five major racial types in India, including Caucasian, Australoid, Negroid, Europoid, and Mongoloid.

Language

There are 22 different languages have been recognized by the Constitution of India (26th January 1950). The national language is Hindi and English.

Population

According to the census year, 31 March 2011, there are 1210569573 people, including male 80.89 % and female 64.64%.

Literacy Rate

According to the 2011 census year report, the literacy rate is 74.04% including 82.14% male and 65.46% female.

Natural Resources

Coal, natural gas, petroleum, iron ore, magnetite, gypsum, manganese ore, limestone, dolomite, kaolin, steatite, fluorite, phosphorite, apatite, mica, bauxite, chromite etc.

Climate

There are 4 seasons, including Winter- December, January and February, Summer-March, April and May, Monsoon (southwestern)-June, July, August and September and Post Monsoon (north-eastern)-October and November.

National Park and Conservation Area

There are 166 National Parks and 515-wildlife conservation areas cover an area of 4.5% of the total land of India.

Flora

There are eight distinct floristic regions, including The Eastern Himalayas, The Western Himalayas, The Indus Plains, Assam, The Ganga Plain, The Malabar, The Deccan and The Andaman. Here are 49000 species of plants according to Botanical Survey of India. The vascular flora is 15000 species; including 35% is an endemic species. There are a large number of non-flowering plants, including ferns, algae, fungi, and liverworts. Approximate there are 850 plant species of ethnobotanical interest. Approximate 1336 plant species are vulnerable and endangered. 20 plant species are extinct.

Fauna

The diversity of climate and physical conditions there are 81251 species of fauna in India, including 60000 species of insects, 5020 species of mollusks, 372 species of mammals, 1228 species of birds, 446 species of reptiles, 204 species of amphibians and 2546 species of fishes are in here. Some of the mammals are gaur, elephant, rhinoceros, wild sheep, deer, cat, tiger, lion, leopard, snow leopard, gharial crocodiles, panda, shrew, tapir, ibex etc. Some of the birds are pheasant, geese, ducks, mynahs, cranes, pigeons, parakeets, hornbill, Sunbird etc.

Rivers

There are 4 groups of rivers are in India including Himalayan Rivers, Deccan Rivers, Coasted Rivers and inland drainage basin. Some of them are Ganga, Bhagirathi, Kosi, Yamuna, Ramganga, Gandak, Makku, Jiri, Dhaleswari, Godavari, Narmada, Tapti, Kaveri,  Ghagra, and Rupen Rivers.

List of Popular Cities in India

Ahmedabad, Agra, Amritsar, Aligarh, Amravati, Asansol, Ajmer, Ambattur, Bhavnagar, Bhilai Nagar, Bikaner, Bhiwandi, Bhubaneswar, Bareilly, Bhopal, Bangalore, Chennai, Coimbatore, Chandigarh, Cuttack, Durgapur, Dehradun, Dhanbad, Delhi, Darjeeling, Faridabad, Guwahati, Gurgaon, Gorakhpur, Guntur, Gulbarga, Gaya, Hubli and Dharwad, Haora, Hyderabad, Indore, Jalgaon, Jammu, Jhansi, Jamnagar, Jamshedpur, Jalandhar, Jodhpur, Jabalpur, Jaipur, Kolkata, Kalyan and Dombivali, Kota, Kochi, Kolapur, Loni, Lucknow, Mumbai, Madurai, Moradabad, Mysore, Mira and Bhayander, Malegaon, Maheshtala, Nellore, Nanded Waghala, Noida, Navi Mumbai, Nashik, Nagpur, Patna, Pimpri and Chinchwad, Pune, Raipur, Ranchi, Rajkot, Surat, Srinagar, Solapur, Salem, Saharanpur, Siliguri, Sangli Miraj Kupwad, Tirunelveli, Thiruvananthapuram, Tiruchirappalli, Thane, Ujjain, Ulhasnagar, Udaipur, Vijayawada, Varanasi, Vasai Virar, Vadodara and Visakhapatnam.

 

 

 

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