Himalaya literally translates abode of snow in Sanskrit, occupied the white, crystal and ice frozen Mountain in different shapes and sizes on the snow line (at 5000 m in Nepal). The theory of plate tectonics mentioned, some 180 million years ago, and seven continents combined in one large supercontinent (Gondwanaland). In the ancient time, Tethys Sea was between Siberia and Gondwanaland. Sediments of these rivers between Siberia and Gondwanaland pushed into the north as a result created the Himalaya, Mahabharata, and Siwalik Hill. Fossils are the oceanic sediments found in the Kali Gandaki River in Nepal. The vast ocean, Tethys Sea, separated present continents.
The Himalayan region situated north of Nepal with the borderland of China (Tibet). Six percents land of the country covered by snow around the year. The Greater Himalayas are 2400 km long extends from the Indus Valley to the River Brahmaputra. The Greater Himalayas are Kanchenjunga, Kumbha Karna, Mahalangur, Rolwaling, Jugal, Langtang, Ganesh, Gorkha, Annapurna, Dhaulagiri, Kanjiroba, Saipal, and Byas Rishi Himal in Nepal. The Border Himalayas extend 30-45 km long between Trishuli River and Karnali River within the border of China and Nepal. These are Nala Kanka, Changla, Gorkha Himal, north part of the Mustang and Damodar Himal. The Inner Himalayas called the High Mountain Valleys or Bhot that ranges 2400 meters to 5000 meters high above the sea. Those lands consist a rain shadow area of Nepal, including Dolpa, Mugu, Manang, Mustang and the north part of Darchula.
Himalaya obviously is the sources of glaciers, rivers, lakes, waterfalls, and rivulets. The Mountain region in Nepal motivates annually two hundred thousand tourists for hiking and climbing. An adventure outdoor journey passes into the hidden valley, leaving footprints and collecting the nature photographs rest of the life. The region extends 885 km east to the west and 24-50 km breadth covered 25% land of the country. Nepal Himalayan Region preserved the top of the world Mt. Everest (8848 m). Peaceful and Shangri-La land recommended visiting once before dying. Travelers may enjoy the galaxy of stars in the full moon night, even interesting playing soft snow in the winter. A day hiking, weeks long trekking, and peak climbing are popular there. The picturesque settlement of the Highlander, snow leopard, Himalayan black bear, yaks and Yeti, Tahr, Musk deer, Mountain pheasant, medicinal plants, including the Yartsa Gunbu fascinated. Nepal Himalayan region preserved the eight of the ten world highest mountains above 8000 meters.
Himalayan region recommended for an exploring of the breathtaking mountain views, Sherpa’s hospitality, Tibetan Buddhism, alpine flora, and fauna. Take a meditation, be alone, make an empty mind, write journals, be a photographer, enjoy mountain cuisine, interact with local about a subject of culture, tradition, lifestyle with the yak and yeti. Compare different mosaic of the Himalayan universe across the world. Sanskrit proverb mentions a hundred divine epochs would not suffice to describe all the marvels of the Himalayas. The seventy-six percents land of Nepal occupied by the mountain, hill, valley, tar, and basin. Marcel Kurz (1933) once said Mount Everest is the Third Pole because of the similar climate as like as the North and South Pole.
Mountains are growing higher due to the earthquake and volcano. Mt. Gaurishankar (7134 m) situated in 86 15' East Longitude, which fixed Nepalese time remains 5:45 hours ahead of GMT. The distance is 35 km between Dhaulagiri and Annapurna, where the River Kali Gandaki blows creating 6967-meter deep gorge. Between the border of Nepal and China (Tibet) have numerous Passes such as Tinker Pass (5258 m) in Darchula, Olangchung Gola in Taplejung, Kimathanka Pass in Shankhuwashaba, Naspa La in Solukhumbu, Yari Pass in Humla, Namja Pass (4986 m) in Mugu, and the Lugula Pass (6723 m), Manang is the highest pass in the world. Let us keep safe the Himalaya for all human beings. It is worth to visit the Himalayan region in Nepal.