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Tsum Valley trek

Tsum Valley trek is 14-day mountain journeys from subtropical into the treeless alpine zone in Manaslu region. The hiking begins after 8-hour bus tour (Kathmandu-Arughat) via Dhading Besi. A trail along the Budi Gandaki River Valley with a hot spring, waterfall, and spectacular mountain views are fascinating.  It called hidden valley opened in 2008 as a restricted area managed by the Manaslu Conservation Area Project. Traditionally, the valley was a culturally distinct geographical area called ‘Tsum Tso Chuksum’, which means thirteen provinces ruled as a single territory. Tsum comes from the Tibetan word Tsombo translates vivid that obtained the valley name. The remote area in Gorkha district is unique with a dialect, culture, quiet and fresh air. There are sacred mani walls, chortens, and kaanis, which protect the people and settlements from the bad and evil spirits.

Tsum Valley trek is interesting because of an untouched and isolated area in Manaslu region along the valley of Budi Gandaki and Shringi Himal. The seven picturesque villages called Sama, Lho, Prok, Bihi, Sirdibas, Chumchet, and Chhekampar. Approximate 2500 people live in the villages with the practice of Tibetan Buddhism. Wildlife in the valley is rich and diverse, such as 33 species of mammal, including the elusive snow leopard, musk deer, goral, Himalayan tahr, and blue sheep. There are recorded 110 species of birds, 11 species of butterflies, and 3 species of reptiles, 2000 species of plants, 11 types of forests, and 50 species of medicinal plant. An alpine flower is available, such as primula, potentilla, geum, and iris.

Trekkers pass through the Chumchet and Chhekampar village. A mysterious Nunnery and Monastery includes Rachen Gumba (1905 AD, Ngak-pa sect) and Mu Gumba (3510 m, Drukpa Kagyu sect) lies on a pretty plateau nestled in a lap of the valley. The Gumba Lungdang, situated at the base of a conical hill against the main slope of Ganesh Himal. Clean drinking water and campsites are available around the monastery for hikers. Bhotiya burns butter lamps, believe in a reincarnate lama, decorate a monastery with prayer flags, build mani walls along the path and play Buddhist instruments. Local people send their second son and daughter to the monastery and nunnery to be a monk and nun. The Lungdang Khola, Shiar Khola, and Sarpu Khola originate from glaciers. There are Chho Syong-Mu, Khungyu Lake, Chho Lungyu, and Yamdro Lake.

Tsum Valley trek popularized with the scenic beauty of snow-capped peaks, including Ganesh Himal (7429 m) to the south, Himal Chuli East (7893 m) and Buddha Himal (6672 m)  to the east, and Shringi Himal (7187 m) to the north. The Bodhisattva Milarepa and Padmasambhava are believed to have meditated in the mountain caves. The high pass between Tibet and Tsum Valley includes Ngula Dhojyang (5093 m) to the east, Yamdro (Humlung) Pass (5326 m) to the north and Thapla Pass (5104 m) to the west for a caravan trade. The mountain festival includes Saka Dawa (May with praying Buddha), Losar (Jan/Feb, for 15 days) and Dhachyang (Dec/Jan, horse festival) and Fanning (mid-August) celebrates the local people annual. You can buy a carpet, blanket, wooden mask, and jug as a souvenir. The best season for the hiking is October to December and April to June. Call, in Yeti Trail Adventure for the trip experience and cost. The day-to-day itinerary is below.

Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu Airport

Day 02: Full day sight seeing in Kathmandu Valley

Day 03: Kathmandu to Arughat Bazaar (570 m) – 8 hours

Day 04: Arughat Bazaar to Soti Khola (710 m) – 5/6 hours

Day 05: Soti Khola to Machha Khola (900 m) – 5/6 hours

Day 06: Machha Khola to Yaru Khola (1330 m) – 5/6 hours

Day 07: Yaru Khola to Philim (1550 m) – 5/6 hours

Day 08: Philim to Chumling (2360 m) – 6/7 hours

Day 09: Chumling to Chhekampar (3000 m) – 5/6 hours

Day 10: Chhekampar to Nile (3350 m) – 6/7 hours

Day 11: Nile to Mu Gompa (3700 m) – 4/5 hours

Day 12: Mu Gompa to Rachhen Gompa (3300 m) – 5/6 hours

Day 13: Rachhen Gompa to Tumje – 5/6 hours

Day 14: Tumje to Philim (1550 m) – 5/6 hours

Day 15: Philim to Tatopani (950 m) – 6/7 hours

Day 16: Tatopani to Soti Khola (710 m) – 5/6 hours

Day 17: Soti Khola to Arughat Bazaar (570 m) – 5/6 hours

Day 18: Arughat Bazaar to Kathmandu (1350 m) – 8 hours by bus

Day 19: Departure to Tribhuvan International Airport

Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu Airport
When the flight arrives at Tribhuvan International Airport, take the 6 km car ride with our guide, takes 25 minutes to reach the hotel. Check in hotel and guide will brief the programs. Stay overnight at a hotel with breakfast in Kathmandu.

Day 02: Full day sight seeing in Kathmandu Valley
Professional Tour Guide comes at 9 AM with a car to the hotel door. Ride the car, a guide explains about Nepal. The four UNESCO world heritage sites include Swayambhunath (1st century) is popular for the Buddhist Stupa, an activity of the Assamese monkey and the panoramic view of Kathmandu Valley and the Himalaya. Kathmandu Durbar Square (12th to 18th century) is popular for royal palace squares, museum, Kasthamandap, the Living Goddess Kumari, Freak Street, wood carving and temple architecture. Pashupatinath (5th century) is famous for the cremation ghat, Pashupatinath Temple, the shrines with Shiva Lingam and Yoni, the Hindu holy men (Sadhus) and an activity of the Assamese monkey and deer in the sub-tropical forest. Boudhanath (5th century) is famous for the second largest Stupa in the world, Tibetan refugee settlement, painting school, huge prayer wheel, prayer flag and monastery with the monk and lama.

Day 03: Kathmandu to Arughat Bazaar (570 m) – 8 hours
The 125 km (78 miles) road with bus takes 8 hours to approach the Arughat Bazaar. The views of the snow-capped mountain, village, Trishuli River, sal forest, Dhading Besi (580 m), Palpa Bhanjyang (1120 m), Annapurna II, Manaslu, Shringi Himal and Ganesh Himal, Ankhu Khola (580 m), Salyantar (42 sq km, as a tableland). Arughat Bazaar situated bank of the Budhi Gandaki River with few guest houses and grocery shop. Stay overnight at a camp in Arughat Bazaar.

Day 04: Arughat Bazaar to Soti Khola (710 m) – 5/6 hours
The walk continues along the bank of the Budhi Gandaki River with the Gurung and Magar settlement. Enjoy an uphill, downhill; tropical forest, terraced fields, and waterfall, then, reach the Soti Khola, located bank of the Budi Gandaki. Stay overnight at a camp in Soti Khola.

Day 05: Soti Khola to Machha Khola (900 m) – 5/6 hours
The walk continues and crosses the bridge over Budi Gandaki then climb uphill through a ridge to the Gurung Village Khorsani (820 m). Continue to walk on a rocky trail to ascend and descends, passing a waterfall and terraced field. Climb through the rocky trail to reach the Labu Besi (880 m). Hike few uphill and downhill with a waterfall in the Machha Khola (fish stream) tea shop. Stay overnight at a camp in Machha Khola.

Day 06: Machha Khola to Yaru Khola (1330 m) – 5/6 hours
Walk little uphill and downhill then, cross a stream, reach at Kholabesi with a house and shop. Climb to a ridge and descend to Tatopani (hot spring). Hike uphill, then, cross River Budhi Gandaki then, reach Dovan. Cross a bridge over the stream then, climb with a rocky trail to Duman with a tea shop. Climb uphill and downhill to Yaru Khola with a house that is situated bank of the river. Stay overnight at a camp in Yaru Khola.

Day 07: Yaru Khola to Philim (1550 m) – 5/6 hours
Cross a suspension bridge over the Yaru Khola. Hike little uphill and downhill to the river. Climbs continue and cross the river, then, climb to a ridge. Hike continues to Jagat (1410 m) with police check post and tea house. Walk continues, cross a bridge, then, reaches Philim. It is a large Gurung village with corn and millet field. Stay overnight at a camp in the Philim.

Day 08: Philim to Chumling (2360 m) – 6/7 hours
Climb gradually uphill to Eklebhatti. Walk continues and reaches the place where one trail splits to Manaslu and next to Tsum valley. Walk a forest of pine; ascend to Chumling with the view of Shringi Himal (7187 m) that calls the Lower Tsum. Stay overnight at a camp in Chumling.

Day 09: Chumling to Chhekampar (3000 m) – 5/6 hours
Climb uphill and downhill through the Syar Khola Valley. Walk through a forest of pine to Chhekampar that is situated on a flat land with the views of Ganesh Himal, Buddha Himal, and Himal Chuli. Here are two villages include the Chhekam and Par known as the Upper Tsum Valley. People have been practicing polyandry marriage for fewer houses. Stay overnight at a camp in the Chhekampar.

Day 10: Chhekampar to Nile (3350 m) – 6/7 hours
Climb through the shrubland of the last village the Nile in Tsum Valley. A Piren Phu (pigeon cave) is said once Milarepa meditated that lies on a cliff nearby the Burji village. There are two Gompas with stone carving on the rocky cave. Stay overnight at a camp in the Nile village.

Day 11: Nile to Mu Gompa (3700 m) – 4/5 hours
Climb gradually uphill through the gorgeous valley to the Mu Gompa (19th century). It is the largest Gompa with the statues of Tara, Padmasambhava, and Avalokiteshvara. Visit next to the Dephyudonma Gompa (4050 m) in 2 hours. Stay overnight at a camp in Mu Gompa.

Day 12: Mu Gompa to Rachhen Gompa (3300 m) – 5/6 hours
Walk through the grasslands into the Rachhen Gompa (19th century) that is situated Shiar Khola Valley nearby Tibet border. Nuns live only in the Gompa. Here is a huge Mani (prayer wheel) with thousand statues of clay dedicated the Avalokiteshwara. Stay overnight at a camp in the Rachhen Gompa.

Day 13: Rachhen Gompa to Tumje – 5/6 hours
Walk uphill and downhill through the stream and a forest of pine into the Tumje. Stay overnight at a camp in Tumje.

Day 14: Tumje to Philim (1550 m) – 5/6 hours
Walk downhill and uphill through the stream. Cross the Ripchet, enjoy the waterfall; walk through the forest into the Philim Village. Stay overnight at a camp in Philim.

Day 15: Philim to Tatopani (950 m) – 6/7 hours
Walk with several uphill and downhill through the stream. Enjoy the waterfall and bridge. Walk continues through a forest and river valley to Setibas, Jagat, Yaru Khola and Tatopani (hot spring). Stay overnight at a camp in Tatopani.

Day 16: Tatopani to Soti Khola (710 m) – 5/6 hours
Walk along the bank of Budhi Gandaki River Valley with crossing bridges, climbing uphill and downhill. Enjoy the waterfall and walk through the forest to Machha Khola, Labu Besi, Khorsani, and Soti Khola. Stay overnight at a camp in Soti Khola.

Day 17: Soti Khola to Arughat Bazaar (570 m) – 5/6 hours
Walk through the subtropical forest with the Magar and Gurung settlements. Enjoy the waterfall at the bank of Budhi Gandaki River Valley. Walk continues to the Arughat Bazaar. Stay overnight at a camp in Arughat Bazaar.

Day 18: Arughat Bazaar to Kathmandu (1350 m) – 8 hours by bus
the bus passes to Salyantar, Ankhu Khola, Palpa Bhanjyang, Dhading Besi, Malekhu, Trishuli River valley, Highway and finally, arrives Kathmandu. Stay overnight at hotel in Kathmandu.

Day 19: Departure to Tribhuvan International Airport
Airport is 6 km far, which takes 25 minutes car drive. Get airport 3 hours before your flight. Hope you enjoyed the trekking trip in Nepal. Welcome back again with a new program. We wish you safe and happy flight.

Trip Cost Includes

  • Airports pick up and drop in private car with guide.
  • Kathmandu sightseeing by car with professional tour guide.
  • Three night’s hotel with breakfast in twin sharing bed in Kathmandu.
  • 15 night’s in tent with twin sharing bed in Mountain.
  • Professional trekking guide & porter.
  • Lodge, food, salary, transport and insurance to the porter and guide.
  • Farewell meal & breakfast in Kathmandu.
  • Trekking Permit and TIMS card.
  • Drive from and to Kathmandu and Arughat by local bus.
  • Breakfast, lunch and dinner with, tea, coffee and hot chocolate in mountain.
  • All camping gears with tents, fuel, cook, Sherpa and helper.

Trip Cost Excludes

  • Nepal entry visa fees.
  • Travel insurance including helicopter evacuation.
  • Lunch and dinner in Kathmandu and farewell meal.
  • International airfare and departure tax.
  • Bar bill, laundry and battery charge in mountain.
  • Tip to guide and porter.
...

Trip Facts

  • Duration: 19 days
  • Activities : Sightseeing and Trekking
  • Maximum Altitude : 3700 m (Mu Gompa)
  • Trek Grade & Mode : Hard / Camping Trek
  • Himalayan Sights : Manaslu, Ganesh Himal, Shringi Himal
  • Valley & River : Budhi Gandaki
  • Transportation : Private car/Local bus
  • Trek start and end : Arughat (570 m)
  • Accommodation : 3 night’s hotel in Kathmandu/16 night’s in Mountain
  • Meals : Full board, farewell dinner in Kathmandu
  • Best Time : March/April/May/October/November/December 20th

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