Nepal travel information is important to know the tourist visa, trekking information, place to see, world heritage site, major cities, how to get Nepal, things to do, money exchange, water, environment, and accommodation. Nepal is a small country with a diversity of culture, society, ethnic group, geography, and language.
Nepal travel information explains different subjects, including place to stay, best season, attractions, tourist visa, and people. Kathmandu is the first entry point of Nepal, situated at 1350 m (4429 foot) that is 700 miles far from the sea. Read some topics in below.
Nepal tourist visa
> Multiple entries for 15 days - 25 US Dollar or equivalent convertible currency.
> Multiple entries for 30 days - 40 US Dollar or equivalent convertible currency.
> Multiple entries for 90 days - 100 US Dollar or equivalent convertible currency.
Note: To obtain a visa, renewing visa, trekking permit, TIMS card, and the Nepalese mobile SIM card, you should have passport size photo, and passport photocopy. Bring at least ten photos and ten passport photocopies.
Free visa for the SAARC nationality
The 30 days visa is available for the SAARC countries people, including Bangladesh, Bhutan, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Maldives. For Indian Nationals Nepal visa is not necessary, however, an identity card with photo, including passport, driving license, ration card, election commission card or any legal identity card issued by the government agency, embassy of India and sub-divisional magistrate are required. For extra information, contact +97714221996, 14223590 or visit: http://www.nepalimmigration.gov.np
People of these countries do not get visa on arrival at the immigration entry points of Nepal
Nigeria, Ghana, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Cameroon, Somalia, Liberia, Ethiopia, Iraq, Palestine, Afghanistan, and Syria
List of airlines in Kathmandu
By Air: Nepal has one airport, Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA), Kathmandu. Nepal Airlines is the national airline. It flies to/from Delhi, Kuala Lumpur, Dubai, Bangkok and Hong Kong.
International airlines fly from/to Kathmandu, including the Thai Airways (Bangkok), Silk Air (Singapore), Qatar Airways (Doha), Pakistan Airlines (Karachi), Korean Air (Seoul), Jet Airways and Jet Lite (Delhi), Indian Airlines (Delhi, Kolkata and Varanasi) and Gulf Air (Bahrain, Muscat). The GMG Airlines and Biman Bangladesh (Dhaka), Etihad Airways (Abu Dhabi) Druk Air (Delhi, Paro), Dragon Air (Hong Kong) China Eastern Airlines (Kunming) China Southern Airlines (Guangzhou), Bahrain Air (Bahrain), ArkeFly (Amsterdam), Air China (Lhasa, Chengdu), and Air Arabia (Sharjah).
By Land: All tourists coming from India to Nepal should enter through Kakarbhitta, Birgunj, Belhiya, Bhairahawa, Nepalgunj, Dhangadi, and Mahendranagar. All tourists coming from Tibet to Nepal should enter through Kodari that is 115 km east of Kathmandu. By overland tourist entering into Nepal with their vehicles must possess and international carnet or complete customs formalities.
All baggage must be cleared through the customs on arrival at the entrance. Personal effects have permitted free entry. A tourist can bring in dutiable goods, like tobacco, and liquors, within the prescribed quantity only. Carrying narcotics, weapons system, and ammunition has strictly forbidden. Visitors can export souvenirs to their countries, however, to export an antique, should have permission from the Department of Archaeology just south of the Supreme Court in Kathmandu.
Nepalese and foreign currencies
Nepali Rupees are available with a denomination of 1, 2, 5 10, 20, 25, 50, 100, 250, 500 and 1000. Foreign currencies must be exchanged only at banks or authorized Money Changers. Indian 1000, 2000 notes are accepted only 25000 rupees. One hundred Indian rupees will be 160 in Nepali rupees. National and International banks with ATM facility, IME, and Western Union Money transfer service are available in major cities. There are numerous banks, including Standard Chartered, Nabil, Himalaya, Bank of Kathmandu, Prime Commercial, Prabhu, Sanima, Global, Everest, Nepal Investment, SBI and Tourism Development bank.
Getting around in Kathmandu and other cities
Black plate’s metered taxi and city bus are available in major city centers, including Kathmandu and Pokhara. Local and tourist bus parks in Kathmandu connect major cities in Nepal. Rickshaw, motorbike, and bicycle can rent in Kathmandu, Pokhara, and Chitwan. Jeep, car, van, coaster, and big bus can hire with a vehicle and travel company.
There are at least 35 airstrips, 19 domestic airlines, including Nepal airline for a regular and charter flight. Helicopter for rescue and tour are available. One-hour, Everest flight is available all good season in Kathmandu. Mountain flight is available in Pokhara too. Syangboche (3720 m) airport is the highest airport located just above the Namche Bazaar in Everest.
Accommodation and facilities
Simple to an international standard star hotel, resort, and budget guesthouse are at least 1200, including 10 five-star hotels with casinos. For a safety and good service use only government registered hotel and lodge. Live music in a pub and bar, national and international cuisines, laundry, hospital, swimming pool, Pizza hut, KFC, barber, and medications are available in major cities.
Day hiking, long and short trekking, tour, expedition, cycling, hot air ballooning, Helicopter tour, river rafting, kayaking, canoeing, peak climbing, bungee jump (160m long), canyoning, horse riding, ski, jungle safari, bird watching, mountain flight, fishing, Paragliding, zip flyer, skydiving, ultra-light aircraft, hunting, golf, meditation and honey hunting trips are available in Nepal. Take a service only with the government authorized travel and trekking company. Hire only government licensed holder tour and trekking guide with a professional potter. The Great Himalaya Trail is 1700 km long trail found in 2008 that offers 156 days trekking. Nepal has the deepest gorge, Kali Gandaki Gorge (6967 m deep), the longest waterfall, Hyatung Waterfall (365 m long) and the longest suspension bridge, Mahakali Bridge (1453 m long).
TIMS card for trekking area
TIMS means Trekkers’ Information Management System that is required for all kinds of tourists, including Indian tourist to visit general trekking area in Nepal. It can receive from a registered trekking company, Nepal Tourism Board, or TAAN office in official time 10 am to 4 pm except on Saturday and public holiday. To obtain TIMS Card, a copy of passport and two passport size photos are necessary. For more information, visit: http://www.timsnepal.com
List of UNESCO heritage sites
Ten sites enlisted in UNESCO heritage sites since 1979. 1: Sagarmatha National Park, 2: Chitwan National Park, 3: Lumbini, 4: Kathmandu Durbar Square, 5: Bhaktapur Durbar Square, 6: Patan Durbar Square, 7: Swayambhunath Stupa, 8: Boudhanath Stupa, 9: Changu Narayan Temple and 10: Pashupatinath Temple. Note: Tourist should have to pay an entrance in the world heritage sites and museum.
Places to see
Kathmandu, Pokhara, Lumbini, Janakpur, Ilam, Chitwan National Park, Mountain region, Nagarkot, Dhulikhel, Daman, Tansen, Sarangkot, Bandipur, Gorkha, Namje, Sirubari, and Ghale Gaun.
Water and health
Drink only sealed mineral water and fresh foods. Do not drink tap water and use iodine tablet to purify it. Mosquitoes are up to 1500 meters, use net, and medicine. Teasing a sick dog and monkey can be the danger. Use sun lotion while on a tour and trekking. Hospital and ambulance are available in major cities. Dental hospitals are in Kathmandu and Pokhara. Take enough medicine before the mountain hiking. Prostitution, smoking, and trafficking of hashish are illegal in Nepal. Ensure the expired date of a package food and meat in the Mountain.
Population, ethnic groups, language, and religion
According to the census year, 2011(every ten years) in Nepal were 26.6 million populations. At least 125 ethnic groups and 123 spoken languages found here. Majority languages are: Nepali 48.61%, Maithili 12.30%, Bhojpuri 7.53%, Tharu 5.86%, Tamang 5.19%, Newari 3.63%, Magar 3.39%, Abadhi 2.47%, Rai/Kirat 1.63%, Gurung 1.49% and Others 8%. Religion: Nepal is a secular country in 2008 where 81% Hindu, 9% Buddhist, 4% Kirat (worshiped rock, river, jungle, and earth), 4% Muslim and 1% other religion found.
Nepali is the national language with 36 alphabets believed descended from Sanskrit. It seems similar to Hindi; however, dialogs are different. Nepalese slang is different in the eastern and western region. English is widely spoken in tourism sectors, shopping center, hotel, and restaurant, massage center, monastery, Kathmandu, Pokhara, Chitwan and the mountain trekking route.
Nepal is the Federal Democratic Republic State since 2008. The country has a President, Vice-President, Prime Minister and 601 lawmakers. The last time constituent assembly election was on 19 Nov 2013. Nepali Congress, CPN (UML), CPN (Maoist), Terai parties and Raprapa Nepal are the major political parties. The 31 political parties involved in the government.
Major seasons are four: Autumn: September to November, Winter: December to February, Spring: March to May and Summer: June to August. 14 June to 14 September is the Rainy season. Temperatures are a warm in Terai Region, a cool in Hilly Region and cold in the Himalayan Region. The hottest temperature 46° Celsius were recorded in Bardia in 1966 and the coldest temperature minus 26° Celsius were recorded in the Mustang in 1977.
List of national parks and Ramsar Sites
Ten National Parks: Chitwan (932 square km.), Sagarmatha (1148 sq. km.), Bardiya (968 sq. km.), Khaptad (225 sq. km.), Langtang (1710 sq. km.), Makalu-Barun (1500 sq. km.), Rara (106 sq. km.), Shey-Phoksundo (3555 sq. km.), Banke (550 sq. km.), and Shivapuri-Nagarjun (144 sq. km.). Three Wildlife Reserves: Koshi Tappu (175 sq. km.), Parsa (499 sq. km.) and Shuklaphanta (305 sq. km.). Six Conservation Areas: Annapurna (7629 sq. km.), Kanchenjunga (2035 sq. km.), Manaslu (1663 sq. km.). Gaurishankar (2179 sq. km.), Blackbuck (15.95 sq. km.) and Api Nampa (1903 sq. km.). One Hunting Reserve: Dhorpatan (1325 sq. km.). Note: Ramsar Sites: Bishazari Tal (12 sq. mile), Gokyo Lake (30.0 sq. mile), Gosainkunda (34 acres), Ghodaghodi Tal (9.90 sq. mile), Koshi Tappu (68 sq. mile), Rara Lake (6.11 sq. mile), Jagdishpur lake (0.87 sq. mile), Mai Pokhari (220 acres), Lakes of Pokhara Valley, and Phoksundo Lake (1.91 square. mile)
River and electricity
Nepal has 6000 rivers with rivulets with 45000 km length. The volume of water: is 200 billion cubic meters every year. The potentiality of hydroelectric is 83000 MW. Nepal uses 220 power volts. Only 35% people use electricity, installed production is 880 MW. The 315 MW power imported from India. Everyday power cut will be few hours during the dry season.
Forest, wetland, and arable land
Forest 29%, Shrub 10.6% and Grass Land 12%. Total 51.6% land cover of vegetation. There are 1000 medicinal plants, 118 ecosystems, 35 forest types, 6500 species of vascular plants are there. Wetland covers an area of 700000-hectare. Arable land covers only 21% of the country. Most of the arable land does not have enough irrigation.
Mines, road, and vehicles
Mines verities are Iron, Copper, Coal, Limestone, Glass, Tin, Chalk, Marble, Gold, Silver, Salt, Gas, Patrol etc. The total length of road is 20138 km, including 6304 km paved, 4832 km grabble and 9002 km fair weather. Total numbers of the registered vehicle are 1725000.
List of university in Nepal
Six Universities: Tribhuvan University (Kirtipur established in 1959), Nepal Sanskrit University (Dang in 1986), Kathmandu University (Dhulikhel in 1991), Purbanchal University (Biratnagar in 1993), Pokhara University (Pokhara in 1998), Lumbini Buddha University (Lumbini in 2005), Mid-Western University (Birendranagar in 2010), Far Western University (Kanchanpur in 2010), and Nepal Agriculture and Forestry University (Rampur, Chitwan established in 2010).
Tourism related international organizations
The verities organizations are directly or indirectly involved in Nepal tourism includes UNDP, UNESCAP, UNESCO, World Bank, ICAO, ADB, DFID, SNV, ILO, IUCN, WWF, GTZ, USAID, DANIDA, ECO HIMAL and HELVETAS.
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